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Yountville AVA
Yountville AVA
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Yountville AVA
Yountville AVA
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Yountville AVA
Yountville AVA

Images Courtesy of Suzanne Becker Bronk


The Yountville AVA is a Napa Valley Appellation named after the American pioneer, trapper and frontiersman George C. Yount. He was the first person to plant grapevines in the area in 1836.





Appellation Details

Yountville’s wines are among some of Napa Valley’s most elegant, refined and intricate creations, from Cabernet through to white grapes. The elegance comes from Yountville’s more southerly position which means it is constantly experiencing fog and wind. The wines are supple as they come from a low elevation region without mountain influence. But the same benchland that runs through Rutherford and Oakville extends here, creating a very favorable growing area for Cabernet. So the wines are similar to Rutherford and Oakville bench Cabernets in that they are complex with finely knit tannins, yet tend to be lower in alcohol due to the cooler climate.

Yountville is of course also justifiably famous as being a jumping off point for Napa Valley’s tourists. Some of the regions finest hotels and restaurants are located in this quaint village.

Elevation:

  • 20 to 200 feet (6 to 61 m)

Soils:

  • Principally gravelly silt loams
  • Sedimentary in origin
  • Gravelly alluvial soils with rock
  • Moderate fertility

Climate:

  • Moderate, with cool marine influence and fog contributing to cool summer mornings.
  • The strong breezes of San Pablo Bay keep afternoons more comfortable than further up valley.
  • Mid-summer peak temperatures may reach the low 90s°F (33°C)
  • Noticeable diurnal fluctuation to the mid-50°F range (13°C).

Rainfall:

  • Up to 32 inches (81 cm) annually

Principal Varieties:

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Chardonnay
  • Merlot
  • Sauvignon Blanc



Yountville AVA History

George C. Yount

George C. Yount

The area making up the Yountville AVA and the town of Yountville is named after the American pioneer, trapper and frontiersman George C. Yount. He was the first American settler in the area which was originally part of the Rancho Caymus land grant, two leagues of land given to Yount in 1836 by Governor Nicolas Gutierrez, with influence from Yount's friend General Mariano Vallejo. As the first major landowner in the area, George Yount had a large influence on how the region would develop, even after his death. The town now called Yountville was originally named Sebastopol when founded by Yount in 1855, but after his death in 1867 the town was renamed to Yountville. George Yount is credited with planting the very first grapevines on his property in the 1840s and making wine using traditional processes, trampling grapevines with bare feet and storing grape must in suspended ox skins. When the fermentation process was finished, the wine was drained through a hole punched in the skin.

George Yount's original rancho would eventually grow to become some of the most valuable vineyard real estate in America. In 1864, George Yount gave a 1040 acre portion of the Caymus Rancho to his granddaughter Elizabeth and her new husband Thomas Rutherford as a wedding gift and that area, now called Rutherford, still bears their name to this day.

Wine production in the area diminished during the onset of Phylloxera and later Prohibition, but today is home to over 3000 acres of planted vineyards, over 100 winegrowers and over 20 winemakers.

Yountville was officially recognized as an American Viticultural Area in 1999. Today the Yountville AVA and town of Yountville are widely renowned for their world class vineyards, wineries and restaurants.




Quotes

"Yountville in the heart of Napa is gifted with a gentle micro-climate, providing grapes plenty of time to develop rich, complex flavor compounds whilst retaining natural acidity. The alluvial and loam gravelly soils allow roots to sink deeply resulting in wines that are a true reflection of their terroir."
- Ivo Jaramaz, Grgich Hills Estate




Notable Wines sourced from Yountville AVA

Sterling Vineyards
Sterling Vineyards 2016 'Sleeping Lady Vineyard' Cabernet Sauvignon

Looking toward the West Bench of Yountville, snug upon the Mayacamas mountain range, the distinct profile of a woman at rest on her side framed by distinctive foothills explains the name of this meticulously farmed vineyard. There are multiple clones of Cabernet Sauvignon planted in small blocks across 50 acres here, including several favorites of winemaker Harry Hansen, who often selects blocks with Clone 2, known for small clusters and small, intensely flavored berries with a history in Napa and Sonoma dating to the 1880s, aromatic Clone 22 and Clone 30, with local roots in the Stags Leap District from the See Ranch.

View Winery Profile

Bell Wine Cellars
Bell Wine Cellars 2017 Sauvignon Blanc

Our Yountville Sauvignon blanc showcases the beautiful terroir we have for our favorite summer varietal.

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Nickel & Nickel
Nickel & Nickel 2015 'State Ranch' Cabernet Sauvignon

State Ranch is located northeast of the town of Yountville. The 23-acre vineyard is divided into two parcels by State Lane Road and consists of both older and younger vines.

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BRION
BRION 2014 'Sleeping Lady Vineyard' Cabernet Sauvignon

The 2014 Cabernet Sauvignon Brion ‘Sleeping Lady Vineyard’ comes from a parcel south of Yountville in southern Napa Valley. The vineyard sits on the westside bench. This is the second vintage of the wine.

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Yountville Resources and References

  1. "§ 9.160 Yountville" (Title 27: Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms; Part 9 — American Viticultural Areas; Subpart C — Approved American Viticultural Areas). Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR). Retrieved October 31, 2007.
  2. Zoeth Skinner Eldredge, 1915, History of California Vol 2, Century History Company, New York, ISBN 978-0-7812-5030-6
  3. Yount, Lewis, and Clark, (1966). George C. Yount and his Chronicles of the West, Old West Publishing Co, Denver
  4. Ellen Lamont Wood, (1941). George Yount:The Kindly Host of Caymus Rancho, Grabhorn Press, San Francisco. Retrieved from https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.31822042767764&view=1up&seq=13&skin=2021
  5. The Yountville Appellation. (n.d.). Retrieved September 23, 2022, from https://www.yountvilleappellation.com/
  6. Palmer, Lyman L.; Wells, Harry Laurenz (1881). History of Napa and Lake Counties, California. Slocum, Bowen & Company. ISBN 978-1363000555.
  7. Weber, Lin (1998). Old Napa Valley: The History to 1900. Wine Ventures Publishing. ISBN 9780966701401.

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